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How to Obtain Permanent Residence in Italy

How to Obtain Permanent Residence in Italy

Immigrating to Italy implies applying for a permanent residence before acquiring Italian citizenship. If you are interested in immigration to Italy and want to apply for one of the visas available for foreigners, our lawyers can guide you. Below, our local lawyers who specialize in immigration mattersin Italy offer a guide on how to obtain a permanent residence permit. We can also assist those who want to come to Italy as entrepreneurs or those who want to obtain Italian passports or digital nomad visas.

 Quick Facts  
  Temporary residence permit types

– seasonal work,

– self-employment,

– study,

– medical treatment,

– family reunification,

– refugee status,

– humanitarian grounds,

– elective residence 

Time needed to obtain the temporary residence permit (approx.)

up to three months

Temporary residence permit validity

It depends on the reason of issuance and it varies from min. 6 months to max. 2 years 

Documents for obtaining temporary residence

– the temporary residence application form,

– the passport,

– the visa,

– recent photographs,

– proof of paying a fee of EUR 14.62,

– document attesting the purpose of stay  

Mandatory registrations with state authorities (i.e. with the population/municipality register)

The state authorities vary based on the type of permit needed; they can refer to:

– local municipalities,

– Patronati offices,

– Prefectures,

– post office 

Dependents can join the temporary permit holder 

No – not available for first-time applicants (those who renew their residency from Italy can bring their family members in certain situations)

Temporary or permanent residency for investment purposes

Yes, for certain categories of visas (investor program)

Minimum temporary residence before applying for permanent residence After 5 years of uninterrupted stay in Italy 
Documents for obtaining permanent residence

–  passport or identity document,

– copy of the income statement,

– evidence on housing in Italy,

– the current residence documents,

– proof of payment of fees 

Naturalization requirements

– permanent residency for 5 years,

– overall stay in Italy of 10 years,

– tax residency in Italy,

– proof of having at least the minimum income established in Italy,

– proof of knowing the Italian language, culture and history 

Citizenship after permanent residence One can apply for citizenship after 5 years of being a permanent resident.
 Citizens that must apply for a residence permit 

 Citizens that arrive from non-EU/EEA (European Union/European Economic Area) must apply for a residence permit.

EU nationals must declare their address in Italy and apply directly for a residence card. 

When is a person required to apply for a residence permit? 

 A residence permit is required for stays in Italy longer than 90 days.

Those who are interested in how to obtain permanent residence in Italy must complete 5 years of stay in order to get this type of residency.  

 Deadline to apply for a residence permit 

 A person must initiate the application in maximum 8 days after the arrival in the country. 

 Renewal possible (yes/no) Yes 
 Deadline to apply for renewal of residence permit 

– 90 days before the expiry – for residence permits valid for 2 years;

– 60 days before the expiry – for residence permits valid for 1 year;

– 30 days before the expiry – for all other types of residence permits.

 Apply for a Codice Fiscale (yes/no) 


 When it is required to have a Codice Fiscale 

A Codice Fiscale refers to the Italian Tax Identification Number issued for each citizen/resident.

Foreigners will need the code for:

– employment contracts,

– freelance work,

– access to Italian public healthcare,

– opening a bank account,

– payment of utility bills,

– paying taxes,

– renting, selling or buying property, etc.   

 Fees for the issuance of the residence card 

– the issuance of the residence card costs EUR 30,

– the mailing fee is EUR 30,

– the application stamp costs EUR 16.  

 Fees for the residence permit renewal 

The renewal of the residence permit costs around EUR 80 (it can vary between EUR 40 to EUR 100, depending on the type).   

 Law regulating the issuance of Italian residence permits  If you want to know how to obtain permanent residency in Italy or any type of residency you must observe the rules of the Legislative Decree 286/1998 (Article 5 of the Consolidated Immigration Act).   
Does Italy apply penalties for expired permits? (yes/no)  


 When can Italy apply penalties for expired documents? 

After 60 days since the expiry date of the document. 

 Application requirements for minors 

 Minors can apply for residency as long as their parents/legal guardians sign their application documents.  

 Health insurance requirements 

Foreigners must have a private health insurance recognized in Italy.

However,  foreigners can also enrol in the Italian public health system by applying for a health insurance, renewable each calendar year.   

 What is the yellow kit?  

The yellow kit is an application package (an envelope) that can be accessed at any postal office by foreigners interested in residency and how to obtain permanent residency in Italy.

It is addressed to non-EU foreigners and it contains all the necessary paperwork required for the application.  

Who can apply for permanent residency in Italy in 2023?

Permanent residency is available for both EU and non-EU citizens who have lived in Italy for the prescribed periods under the country’s Immigration Law. Non-EU nationals have the right to apply for permanent residence permits after 5 years of continuously living in Italy, while for EU citizens the requirements are less stringent. They can apply for permanent residence if they intend to live in Italy for more than 90 days or 3 months.

Permanent residence for non-EU citizens is also available under the Golden Visa Scheme, however, this program targets wealthy individuals who want to move to Italy based on investments. The residence by investment program in Italy offers various advantages to the applicants.

Our immigration lawyers in Italy can offer expat support to non-EU citizens seeking to apply for permanent residence permits. Then, they can apply for Italian citizenship.

Types of residence permits in Italy

There are two types of residence permits which can be obtained in Italy: the temporary residence permit and the permanent residence permit. It must be noted that in order to obtain permanent residency in Italy, a temporary residence visa must first be obtained.

The temporary residency visa must be obtained by non-EU citizens when first arriving in Italy. EU citizens must only register with the police department in the city they live in without being required to apply for a temporary residence permit. However, both categories of individuals must live for a minimum period of 5 years before applying for permanent residence in Italy.

The residence permit can also be acquired by:

  • the spouse of the applicant;
  • the parents of the applicant;
  • the minor children of the applicant;
  • children above the age of 18 if these can support themselves.

You can find out the steps for obtaining the Italian residence permit in the video below: 

In other words, the applicant is entitled to bring family members when relocating to Italy. However, the applicant must prove they have sufficient financial means to support themselves and their dependents, as well as submit proof of their relationship with the dependents. Only permanent residence permits can lead to Italian citizenship.

The main ways of obtaining permanent residency in Italy

There are several conditions imposed on both EU and non-EU citizens interested in obtaining permanent residency in Italy. Apart from living for 5 years in this country, these must also prove they earn sufficient money to support themselves and that they speak Italian fluently and know the national customs.  They must also have clean criminal records.

There are several ways in which the Italian permanent residency can be obtained:

  1.  based on a work permit which entitles the applicant to live and work in Italy prior to applying for permanent residency;
  2.  based on a residence permit for entrepreneurs which allows foreign citizens to start their own businesses here;
  3.  based on an investment in a specific domain of interest acknowledged by the Italian government;
  4.  based on a self-employment visa which allows the foreigner to act as a sole trader in Italy.

Our Italian immigration lawyers can explain the requirements related to obtaining permanent residency by self-employment, as an entrepreneur or base on investment.

Italian permanent residence for EU citizens

It is very easy for EU citizens to apply for a permanent residence permit in Italy, as they only need their valid IDs or passports when entering the country. In their case, a simple declaration of presence with the police station of the city they live in is sufficient. This declaration must be filed within 8 days from entering Italy.

EU citizens have the right to apply for permanent residence permits after living for more than 3 months in Italy. It should also be noted that it may take up to 3 months for obtaining the Italian permanent residence.

You can also read about the benefits of permanent residence in Italy in the scheme below:

How to Obtain Permanent Residence in Italy

Applying for a permanent residence permit for non-EU citizens in Italy in 2023

Non-EU citizens must follow specific procedures when applying for permanent residence in Italy. Those who want to immigrate to Italy must enquire with the Italian embassy or consulate in their countries and ask information on the documents needed.

Non-EU citizens must first apply for a temporary residence permit which is issued for a period of 5 years, followed by the application for the Italian permanent residence permit. In other words, a non-EU citizen must live in Italy for 5 years prior to applying for permanent residence.

Our law firm can advise non-EU citizens on the requirements related to Italy immigration.

Documents required for an Italian permanent residence permit in 2023

The following documents must be filed by non-EU citizens applying for a permanent residence permit in Italy:

  • proof that the foreign citizen has lived in Italy for 5 years (the temporary residence permit);
  • the registration certificate issued by the local police force upon entering Italy;
  • proof of having a legal address in Italy (a rental contract or a recent utility bill);
  • proof of means of self-sustenance (bank statements, tax returns, payslips issued by the employer);
  • the criminal record and the application form issued by the Italian authorities.

Restrictions for certain applicants for permanent residency in Italy

There are also categories of persons who cannot apply for permanent residence permits in Italy. These are usually students who come to Italy based on student visas which permit a limited duration of stay. In the same category enter those who come for scientific purposes or for vocational training to Italy. Also, asylum seekers who in the process of obtaining recognition as refugees cannot apply for permanent residence until their status are clarified.

Those who enter Italy for humanitarian reasons seeking temporary protection cannot apply for permanent residency in Italy.

Those who have valid temporary residence permits and have not met the 5-year living requirement are also restricted for applying for permanent residency until the last requisite is fulfilled.

The benefits of obtaining permanent residency in Italy

Obtaining the status of a permanent resident of Italy can bring many benefits for a foreign citizen. Among these, we mention the possibility of entering and exiting Italy without being required to apply for other visas. Also, foreign citizens can travel freely to other EU countries and can even work in such countries without being required to apply for a work permit. One is also entitled to state benefits, such as maternity or disability benefits.

If you are interested in obtaining a work permit in 2023, you can start the application process, as the Italian authorities have opened the 2023 quota, starting with 27 March 2023. Persons interested in obtaining a work permit can apply until the end of the year.

For the current year, there are 82,705 work permits available, a large number than in the previous year, when there were issued around 67,000 work permits. Please mind that from the total work permits issued for 2023, around 50% are represented by seasonal work permits.

44,000 are reserved for seasonal work, while the rest aim at skilled employment in certain industries, such as construction, hotel and accommodation industries or tourism.

The last and perhaps the most important advantage is the possibility of obtaining Italian citizenship. In the case of EU citizens, the minimum period of stay is 4 years, while for non-EU citizens the minimum period of stay is 10 years based on the permanent resident status.

Assistance in obtaining permanent residency in Italy

Provided that you meet the requirements imposed by the law, you can rely on our immigration lawyers in Italy for assistance in preparing the documentation for applying for a permanent residence permit. We can help during the entire application procedure, no matter if you have worked or if you are an entrepreneur interested in obtaining an Italian permanent residence permit.

Our lawyers will also explain the rights and obligations attached to becoming a permanent resident with the purpose of further applying for Italian citizenship. At first, one will be issued a temporary resident permit in Italy.

Residence permits in Italy for corporate situations

Foreign investors who want to open a company in Italy can obtain a residence permit in specific situations. Foreigners may set up an Italian limited liability company following the legal procedures. At the same time, they may register a branch office or a representative office of a foreign company.

In these particular situations, the legal framework stipulates that a representative of the foreign company may apply for an intra-company transfer residence permit.

Investors may also obtain a startup residence permit, which was established under the local legislation for the registration of startup companies that provide innovative products or services. In this case, the minimum investment is established at EUR 50,000.

Persons who want to enter the Italian workforce can apply for a European Blue Card, issued for employees with a high level of skills in a designated field of activity. The applicant should provide evidence on a university graduation certificate.

The Start-Up Visa for permanent residence in Italy

One of the main programs dedicated to non-EU citizens is the Start-Up Visa program which was launched in 2012. Under this scheme, non-EU citizens can set up companies in Italy and relocate here, therefore, they will be able to both live and work here. The main requirement for qualifying for this program is to invest 50,000 euros, however, the amount can be higher. Another requirement that does not have to do with money is for the company to operate in innovation. Among these, investments in research and development (R&D) activities are encouraged in Italy.

The Start-Up Visa can be obtained by filing a business plan with the Evaluation Committee or by accessing it through a business incubator.

The following documents must be filed with the Committee in order to obtain a Start-Up Visa which leads to permanent residence in Italy:

  • an application form;
  • the no impediment certificate;
  • a cover letter providing for the funds to invest in the project.

A great benefit of the Start-Up Visa Scheme is that the application can be filed directly in English. If the applicant desires, he or she can also file in Italian.

With the help of our lawyers, immigration in Italy can become simpler, as all the requirements will be explained in detail.

The Italian self-employment visa for foreign citizens

Entrepreneurs have another way of relocating to Italy and that is by obtaining a self-employment visa. This type of residence permit is not difficult to obtain, however, in terms of requirements, one of the most important refers to securing contracts that allow for sufficient means of supporting oneself. Employment contracts can also be considered for this visa which can lead to permanent residency in Italy.

If you are interested in obtaining permanent residence through a self-employment visa in Italy, our lawyers can fill you in with all the details.

The Golden Visa Scheme in Italy

Non-EU citizens benefit from various means through which they can obtain permanent residency and even Italian citizenship if they want to. As a matter of fact, Italy is one of the friendliest countries in Europe when it comes to the facilities offered to third-country individuals moving here. Its immigration policies include various integration programs supported by the government.

Returning to one of the best ways of obtaining Italian permanent residency, we cannot skip the Golden Visa Program which requires:

  • a minimum of 500,000 euros to be invested in a start-up business;
  • 1 million euros if the investment is made under the form of a philanthropic donation;
  • real estate investment is also accepted, as long as the value of the property is 300,000 to 500,000 euros;
  • a minimum annual income of 100,000 euros of the applicant is also required.

This program targets high net worth individuals who want to immigrate to Italy and one of its greatest benefits is that it offers the possibility of owning real estate in this wonderful country.

There are many ways a non-EU citizen can use to obtain permanent residency in Italy and with the help of our lawyers they can find the one suiting them best.

The elective residence visa in Italy

Foreign citizens who want to retire and live permanently in Italy can apply for an elective visa. This type of residence permit is one of the simplest ways of immigrating to Italy. Among the requirements to fulfill in order to obtain an elective residence visa is to have health insurance worth 30,000 euros.

Foreign citizens who want to retire to Italy must comply with a few additional requirements, among which having a steady income of 31,000 euros per year. If a couple wants to move together to Italy, the minimum income is set at 38,000 euros per year.

Renewal of the Italian residence permit in 2023

Depending on the type of residence permit, foreign citizens are required to renew their permits on a regular basis. Foreign citizens living in Italy are required to apply for renewal as it follows:

  • 90 days before expiry, if the residence permit has a two-year validity period,
  • 60 days before expiry, if the residence permit has a one-year validity period,
  • 30 days before expiry in other cases.

The validity period of temporary residence permits depends on the purpose of the Italian visa. Foreign citizens working in Italy based on a temporary work permit are required to apply for renewal depending on the sector they work in. The Italian employment permit may have a six to nine months validity period, while student visas may have a one-year validity period.

The Italian permanent residence permit is granted under certain conditions and it depends on the nationality of the applicant. It is also good to know that even if EU citizens do not need to apply for a temporary residence visa, they can obtain permanent residency in Italy.

Below, we invite you to read about 5 of the most important advantages of obtaining a residence permit in Italy. You can rely on our immigration lawyers in Italy for specialized support in applying for all the visas available in this country.

Please mind that in the context of traveling restrictions that are imposed due to Covid-19 pandemic, the Italian government has taken various measures for immigrants living here, and this also refers to those who live here under a residence permit. For instance, under the Decree of April 30th, 2021, the validity of residence permits that expired in 2021 was extended until 31 July 2021. If you want to obtain a residence permit in Italy, we advise to address to our immigration lawyers, as special conditions for traveling here are still applicable.  

It is also important to know that the country will soon change its travel restrictions due to the fact that the pandemic is no longer considered a threat, and the state of emergency available in Italy will end on 31 March 2022. From 1 April, the coutnry will give up on various restrictions.  

What are the greatest advantages of obtaining permanent residence in Italy in 2023?

There are many benefits associated with obtaining an Italian residence permit, however, permanent residence is the first step to Italian citizenship which makes one of the most important perks when relocating to Italy as a foreigner. However, we decided to present you with other 5 more benefits of Italian permanent residency.

The other 5 advantages which can be obtained alongside permanent residence in Italy are:

  1. the holders of permanent residence permits have similar rights to those of Italian citizens;
  2. foreign citizens applying for European long-term residence permits will be automatically granted permanent residency;
  3. Italy is one of the few European countries where permanent residence can be obtained after 5 years;
  4. the right to travel freely to all EU and Schengen area countries is another advantage of a permanent residence permit;
  5. access to a market in which a foreigner can work or even start his/her own business.

Obtaining a permanent residence permit in Italy is not difficult. Additionally, the procedure of applying for this type of residence permit is quite simple. Our immigration lawyers can explain the requirements related to immigrating to Italy.

Here are the 5 advantages of obtaining permanent residence in Italy:

Extended rights given by Italian permanent residence – Those who obtain permanent residence in Italy will usually have similar rights to Italian citizens, except for voting rights. This is also because Italy has very flexible immigration policies and many programs that help foreign citizens integrate with the local population. A permanent residence permit will also increase the holder’s feeling of belonging in Italy, especially in the case of non-EU citizens coming from afar and needing support in integrating. If you plan to immigrate to Italy and need information about the requirements related to various types of visas, our local lawyers can help you.

The EC long-term residence permit one of the best ways of immigrating to Italy – As an EU-member state, Italy integrated many EU policies in its national legislation and among these those related to immigration. This way, those applying for a long-term residence permit will be automatically granted permanent residence after 5 years of continuous living in Italy. Our immigration lawyers in Italy can explain the requirements for obtaining permanent residence permits.

Permanent residence in Italy can be obtained in 5 years – Indeed, this is one of the 5 most important advantages when seeking to obtain residency in Italy. In comparison, other countries offer permanent residence permits after longer periods of time or impose stricter immigration conditions. If you need assistance in immigration to Italy, we can help you with dedicated expat support services.

Free travel rights – Holders of permanent residence permits in Italy have the right to travel and even move to other EU countries. However, they can obtain work permits in other EU countries and commute for work.
Italy is a very appealing country to move to, so if you need guidance on the regulations you need to comply with, our immigration lawyers can assist you.

Access to an important labor and business market – Italy is one of the most prolific economies in Europe, so it can be a right fit for both those who want to work or have their own businesses here. It is good to know that all applications for residence permits in Italy must be filed with the National Police

What are the main 5 tips on how to move to Italy?

If you want to move to Italy but are not acquainted on the ways you can do that, here are 5 tips on how to relocate and obtain an Italian residence permit:

  1. you can move to Italy as a simple foreign citizen by applying for a job with an Italian company;
  2. you can also move to Italy as a businessman and start a company or register as a sole trader;
  3. another way for businessmen to move to Italy is by enrolling with one of the special investment programs created by the government;
  4. another way of moving to Italy is to retire here, however, there are a few conditions related to immigrating to Italy this way;
  5. if you are married to an Italian citizen and live abroad, you can move to Italy without any restrictions.

Our Italian immigration lawyers advise you to consider your options and take into account that you will need to learn Italian if you plan on applying for citizenship after obtaining residence here.

Moving to Italy by obtaining a job

If you want to move to Italy and a job opportunity is your option, then you should know that you will need to apply for a job first and then wait for the Italian company to obtain the necessary paperwork and send you the employment contract before coming to Italy. Also, the Italian employer will apply for the residence permit on your behalf of Italy, following which you will also need to complete a few steps with the Italian embassy or consulate in your country.

Once you move to Italy, you will be granted a residence permit for a limited period of time. You can obtain more information on how to immigrate to Italy through employment from our lawyers. You can rely on us for tailored support in obtaining a resident permit in Italy.

How to move to Italy as a businessperson

One of the most advantageous ways of moving to Italy is as a businessman. You will first need to apply for a short-stay visa following which you can apply for an entrepreneur visa. Once the visa is obtained, you will need to buy an Italian company or register as a sole trader.

If you decide to move to Italy as an entrepreneur, you will also be allowed to obtain employment within the company you purchase.

For detailed information on how to move to Italy and obtain residence as a businessman, we kindly invite you to ask our Italian lawyers who specialize in immigration about the entrepreneur visa.

Moving to Italy through an investment program

The Italian government has enabled two programs under which investors from non-EU countries can relocate to Italy. These are the StartUp Visa and the Residency by Investment Scheme. Each program has its own requirements, and if you want to move to Italy through one of the two programs you are advised to consider the conditions imposed under both of them.

For example, the StartUp Visa program implies opening a business in the research and development field and have an annual turnover of less than 5 million euros.

If you want to move to Italy under the Residency by Investment Scheme, the investment conditions start at 500,000 euros.

Our immigration lawyers in Italy can offer more information on these programs.

Move to Italy by retirement and obtain residency

If you want to retire to Italy and obtain residence, you will have every chance of succeeding by applying for an elective residence visa. The main condition for obtaining such a visa is to have a minimum annual income of 31,000 euros. Health insurance which covers expenses in the amount of 30,000 euros per year is also necessary.

Moving to Italy as a spouse of an Italian citizen

If you are married to an Italian citizen and are living abroad, you can move to Italy with your spouse and apply for a residence permit. You will need to file evidence of your marriage with the Italian citizen together with other documents in order to immigrate to Italy this way.

What is the best way of moving to Italy and obtain residence?

If you want to move to Italy and obtain residence, here is a brief comparison between the ways in which you can achieve that based on the time, complexity of the procedure and the possibility of obtaining residency:

Moving to Italy Timeframe Complexity Residency
By employment A few months Relatively low Yes
As a businessman A few months Relatively low Yes
By investment Up to one year Complex Yes
By retirement A few months Relatively low Yes
By marriage A few weeks Relatively low Yes

For full information on how to obtain a permanent residence permit or immigration to Italy, please contact us. All our Italian immigration services are personalized so that you have the best chances of relocating here.

You can also rely on our lawyers if you need assistance on citizenship matters. If you want to permanently relocate here and you are of Italian descent, you can apply for citizenship in Italy following a simpler route compared to citizenship by naturalization.

One can apply for citizenship by descent regardless if they are related to Italians by mother’s or by father’s side.

If you will move to Italy for the purpose of becoming a citizen by descent, you will need to present specific documentation that will attest your connection with an Italian national.

For this, you must present your own identity documents and the birth certificates of the family members through which you can claim the citizenship. Please mind that the procedure can take up to 3 years to complete.

As presented above, another way to permanent residency is through the Golden Visa in Italy, which is a program addressed only to foreign investors who are able to invest/start a business in this country.

This program can also provide the possibility to become a citizen, but in this case, the foreigner must go through the standard naturalization process, which takes minimum 10 years.